American Airlines also reported a narrower-than-expected quarterly loss on Thursday.
Shares in American Airlines Group Inc surged more than 20 percent in opening trading on Wall Street after the carrier was mentioned on Reddit’s WallStreetBets forum and it posted a slimmer-than-expected quarterly loss on Thursday.
American joined rival Delta Air Lines in calling 2021 a year of recovery for an industry that has been ravaged by the coronavirus pandemic, but airlines continue to burn through millions of dollars every day and the strength of the rebound will depend on the pace of vaccine roll-outs and the easing of travel restrictions.
“As we look to the year ahead, 2021 will be a year of recovery. While we don’t know exactly when passenger demand will return, as vaccine distribution takes hold and travel restrictions are lifted, we will be ready,” American Airlines Chief Executive Doug Parker said.
United States airline shares had gained ground since November’s vaccine breakthroughs but came under renewed pressure earlier this week amid concern over new coronavirus variants and tighter restrictions.
American reported a net loss of $2.18bn, or $3.81 per share, for the fourth quarter, compared with a profit of $414m, or 95 cents per share, a year earlier. The carrier reported an annual loss of $8.9bn, its biggest on record.
Shares climbed 26 percent to $21 a share in early trading even as the heavily leveraged airline is reporting large losses and faces an uncertain industry outlook. Investors said the gains are likely fuelled by a short squeeze. American is the most heavily shorted airline stock, according to data from S3.
“The numbers clearly weren’t something that would cause the stock to rise like that,” said Rick Meckler, partner at Cherry Lane Investments, a family investment office in New Vernon, New Jersey.
“Troubled balance sheets and high short stock positions have become the immediate target of these squeezes and they fit right into that category.”
In recent days, retail investors have piled into heavily shorted stocks including GameStop Corp and AMC Entertainment Holdings Inc, igniting a battle between small-time traders and major Wall Street institutions that has shaken US and European stock markets.
“GameStop 2.0! I do think that some of it is related to short sellers and those that are looking at some of these short-term opportunities to push stocks around. American Airline earnings were okay, they are still bleeding a lot of cash,” said Paul Nolte, portfolio manager at Kingsview Asset Management in Chicago.
Helane Becker, an analyst at Cowen, said the company could use the share spike as an opportunity to pay down debt with an equity offering.
Airlines are hoping that sentiment will improve this year as COVID-19 vaccines are more widely distributed. However, new strains of the virus have triggered tighter rules for international travel in countries including the US.
On an adjusted basis, the company reported a loss of $3.86 per share. Analysts on average expected the company to lose $4.11 per share, according to Refinitiv data.
Total operating revenue fell to $4.03 billion from $11.31 billion but topped analysts’ expectations of $3.88 billion.
American Airlines ended the fourth quarter with about $14.3 billion in available liquidity. It burned through about $30m a day in the fourth quarter.